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Ermakov Dmitry M.
Derkacheva A., Golosov V., Shvarev S.
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Grishchenko M. Y., Alaverdova A. A., Razaryonova A. D. et al.
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Колосов В. А., Zotova M.
Published online. 10.1080/14650045.2021.1952184. Taylor and Francis, 2021
The study contributes to the debate about the impact of international shocks on the integration of national city systems into global economic networks. The scientists studied how the crisis in Ukraine and the subsequent 2014 economic sanctions against Russia affected the position of Russian cities in global economic networks.
Using worldwide data on the corporate networks of the largest multinational companies and their subsidiaries for the period from 2010 to 2019 to create intercity connections both at the global and national levels, scientists have shown how the positions of Russian cities have changed over this period.
The study shows that although the positions of Russian cities in the global network have declined (with an overall decline in connections between Russian cities), their internationalization has increased, despite economic sanctions. The decrease in the interconnectedness of cities was mainly related to intranational linkages between Russian cities, which could explain the growing inter-regional inequality in Russia observed by many scientists. In addition, contrary to the main arguments of the global city concept, among the cities most resilient to crises were not only the largest and most diversified cities, as one would expect in such times of uncertainty, but also some highly specialized small cities.
In the future, we will study the economic resilience of Russian cities through the prism of a multi-level approach. This approach involves the study of the city at three levels: the macro level (the evolution of the city's position in global economic networks), the meso level (the city as an economic unit) and the micro level (the adaptation of urban economic agents - firms, consumers, local authorities - to crisis conditions).